Posted January 16, 2019 10:14:54Environmental protection strategies are the most effective way to protect our planet from climate change and other threats, a new study has found.
“It’s a challenge to find a simple way to communicate our environmental values, but we can use the most well-known environmental policies to achieve the same result,” study author and environmental economist Daniel Gertler said in a statement.
“We’ve made a strong case that these policies are the only one that can work to protect and promote the most important ecosystems on Earth.”
Gertler and his co-author Daniel Krizinski analysed climate change policies enacted by 20 countries around the world, and found that the most successful ones were ones that explicitly promoted protection of biodiversity and climate change-related impacts, like carbon emissions.
In particular, they focused on how policies would address the impacts of climate change, and specifically how they would be implemented in the country’s cities.
For example, in Denmark, carbon emissions are currently limited by a carbon tax, and the country also has a national cap and trade system.
In Finland, carbon taxes are imposed on electricity and other energy services, while in the Netherlands, the government aims to introduce a carbon price.
Gertlers team compared carbon pricing policies with cap and trading schemes in different countries to identify which policies would be most effective at reducing CO2 emissions and reducing climate change impacts.
“The results are quite striking, showing that policies which promote environmental sustainability are most effective, as long as they do not impose an unnecessary carbon tax or cap and swap,” he said.
“These policies will reduce emissions while protecting biodiversity, as well as mitigating climate change risks.”
Our analysis also shows that these environmental policies are generally less costly and less complex than traditional carbon pricing schemes.
“In many countries, these policies were implemented as a last resort after a crisis had arisen,” he added.
“But as the carbon price rises, and as climate change becomes a bigger threat, it will be increasingly difficult for these policies to remain effective.”
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