The word ‘ecology’ comes up often in discussions about environmental justice movements, and in this article, we’ll look at the environmental justice movement as a whole, as well as what exactly is ‘ecological justice’ in the context of environmental protection.
Environmental justice activists have often made claims about the dangers of the extraction of natural resources and the need to protect the environment, and a number of environmental justice campaigns have focused on issues related to resource extraction.
In this article we’ll explore how environmental justice activists use environmental justice as a way of building a broader social justice movement and how they see the environmental movement as part of this broader social movement.
What is environmental justice?
Environmental justice is a broad and inclusive term that includes many different types of social justice movements and activism.
There are a number different ways in which environmental justice is applied to environmental problems, and this article will examine these different approaches.
How does environmental justice relate to other social justice issues?
Environmental activists often use the term ‘ecocidal justice’ to describe the policies they favour, as opposed to the more inclusive term ‘environmental justice’.
Environmental justice movements are not all about environmental protection, though, and many of the most successful environmental justice initiatives have focused not on environmental protection but on other forms of oppression, such as racialised oppression and sexualised oppression.
For example, the Black Lives Matter movement focuses on criminal justice and racial inequality, while the feminist movement has a wide range of environmental issues and justice campaigns.
As such, environmental justice has also attracted criticism for its focus on issues that are not usually associated with environmental protection such as racism and gender oppression.
Is environmental justice just a label?
Environmental issues often get a lot of attention from activists who use the label ‘ecocentrism’, which suggests that environmental issues are not really about environmental issues but instead are a form of privilege or prejudice.
This is a commonly used way of talking about environmentalism and has also led to the idea that environmental justice does not really exist.
Environmental protection is not a privileged social or economic position that is being taken away from anyone, but instead, the interests of the capitalist class are being protected.
However, there are also environmental justice advocates who use this label to suggest that environmental protection does not necessarily exist.
For instance, the environmental liberation movement has also been criticized for its lack of emphasis on environmental justice.
Environmentalism and environmental justice have always been linked, and there have been arguments over the meaning of these terms and how to apply them.
In fact, many environmental justice organisations have developed their own terminology that is a clear extension of environmentalism.
Is there a common understanding of environmental responsibility?
Environmental rights activists often argue that environmental rights apply only to those who are directly affected by the problem of pollution, and that all other groups, especially those that are affected indirectly through other forms or forms of social oppression, are not subject to environmental justice in the same way.
While this argument is not unique to environmental rights activism, it is certainly not limited to environmental activists.
Environmental activists argue that all people have an inherent responsibility to protect nature and to prevent future generations from experiencing the consequences of pollution.
This argument is a particularly powerful one in a climate justice movement, where it has become common to point to the connection between environmental justice and climate change as one of the main forms of resistance.
What are the main environmental justice struggles in the UK?
Environmental protection struggles have been taking place in the United Kingdom since the 1970s, and the environmental activism that emerged in the late 1970s and early 1980s was particularly prominent.
The 1970s was a time of massive environmental protests and strikes, as many environmental organisations, including the Royal Society, the Royal College of Physicians, the British Medical Association and the Royal Societies of London, took to the streets to oppose the closure of the Pollution Control Act.
The most famous protest of the era, the Tooting Green Action, saw thousands of people take to the street to demand the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all fracking fracking operations from the UK, and for the withdrawal of subsidies from fossil fuels.
Other environmental justice mobilisations took place in response to oil spills and environmental degradation in the 1970’s and 1980’s, including an industrial action in 1976 which resulted in the closure and destruction of oil rigs in the North Sea.
In the late 1980s, the campaign for a ‘green future’ gained momentum and resulted in a series of high profile demonstrations, including actions in London, Glasgow and Liverpool.
The environmental justice activism that developed in the early 1990s saw environmental issues, including climate change, become increasingly prominent as a central theme of environmental activism in the 2000s, with campaigns against fracking and the closure to the oil industry of Shell’s Arctic oil drilling platform in the Arctic Ocean.
How can environmental justice be applied to other forms and forms of inequality?
Environmental injustice is also not confined to environmental issues.
Environmental injustice can be applied in a number other ways.
Some environmental justice campaigners have also criticised